Clinton aides’ emails show power struggles and worries about foundation
In the years before Hillary Clinton announced she would run again for president, her top aides expressed profound concerns in internal emails about how foreign donations to the Clinton Foundation and Bill Clinton’s own moneymaking ventures would affect Hillary Clinton’s political future.
The emails, obtained by hackers and being gradually released by WikiLeaks this month, also are revealing how efforts to minimize potential conflicts at the foundation led to power struggles and infighting among aides and Hillary Clinton’s family.
One top aide to Bill Clinton, Douglas J. Band, noted in an email that the former president had received personal income from some foundation donors and “gets many expensive gifts from them.”
Chelsea Clinton accused her father’s aides of taking “significant sums of money from my parents personally,” of “hustling” during foundation events to win clients for their own business, and of even installing spyware on her chief of staff’s computer.
Hillary Clinton, another email showed, had promised to attend a Clinton Foundation gathering in Morocco at the behest of its king, who had pledged $12 million to the charity. Her advisers worried that would look unseemly just as she was beginning her presidential campaign in earnest.
“She created this mess and she knows it,” a close aide, Huma Abedin, wrote of Hillary Clinton in a January 2015 email.
Worries: For months, the Clintons have defended their family foundation, making public proclamations that the philanthropy went above and beyond what the law required in terms of transparency while Hillary Clinton was at the State Department.
The emails, which came from the account of John D. Podesta, who had a leadership role at the foundation and is now Hillary Clinton’s campaign chairman, have not contained evidence to support Republican contentions that Hillary Clinton performed any favors for foundation donors.
But they do show pronounced worries among the Clintons’ closest advisers about the millions of dollars coming into the foundation, and to Bill Clinton personally, and how they could inoculate Hillary Clinton from criticism over it.
“Do they plan to do big events next year?” her campaign manager, Robby Mook, asked about the foundation last year, shortly after Hillary Clinton kicked off her presidential campaign. “Possible for those to be smaller and lower key in 16?”
Foundation: Founded in 1997, when Bill Clinton was still president, the foundation has raised roughly $2 billion to fund more than 3,500 projects around the world, helping African farmers improve their yields, Haitians recover from a devastating 2010 earthquake and millions of people gain access to cheaper HIV/AIDS medication, among other accomplishments.
Some of the former president’s assistants followed him from the White House to the foundation, and the emails provide an extraordinary look at the soap opera that unfolded years later as people close to the couple felt their power threatened.
“This is the 3rd time this week where she has gone to daddy to change a decision or interject herself,” Band, the longtime aide to Bill Clinton, wrote about Chelsea Clinton in 2011.
At the time, she was beginning to exert influence at the foundation, expressing concerns that Band and others were trying to use the charity to make money for themselves and accusing another aide in her father’s personal office of installing spyware.
Tuesday release: Emails released on Tuesday contained a memo from Band essentially defending his work for the foundation and for Bill Clinton personally even as Band was building up his political consulting firm, Teneo. The memo noted that some foundation donors had indeed been clients of Teneo, but also that Band and Teneo had helped raise tens of millions of dollars for the foundation from individual, foreign and corporate donors, without taking a commission.
Band also noted how some of those donors he had cultivated were paying Bill Clinton privately to make speeches or to do other work. One such donor, Laureate International Universities, a for-profit education company based in Baltimore, was paying Bill Clinton $3.5 million annually “to provide advice” and serve as its honorary chairman, Band wrote.
In another email, Band wrote that Bill Clinton had even received gifts from some donors.
The tensions came to a head when Chelsea Clinton helped enlist an outside law firm to audit the Clinton Foundation’s practices. Some interviewees told the audit team that the donors “may have an expectation of quid pro quo benefits in return for gift.” The audit suggested the foundation “ensure that all donors are properly vetted and that no inappropriate quid pro quos are offered to donors in return for contributions.”
The advice proved prescient as Hillary Clinton faced intense scrutiny about whether donors to the Clinton Foundation had received special access to her State Department or other rewards. In August, the foundation said it would no longer accept foreign donations should Hillary Clinton win the White House.
Response: Hillary Clinton has dismissed criticism of the charity as politically motivated. A spokesman for the Clinton campaign, Glen Caplin, declined to verify the authenticity of the emails, but said the hack was part of the Russian government’s efforts to use cyberattacks to influence the election in favor of the Republican nominee, Donald Trump.
Band declined to comment, but his firm released a statement saying: “Teneo worked to encourage clients, where appropriate, to support the Clinton Foundation because of the good work that it does around the world. It also clearly shows that Teneo never received any financial benefit or benefit of any kind from doing so.”
Aides: Behind the scenes, Hillary Clinton’s aides grappled with how to sever her from the problematic optics of some of the philanthropy’s fundraising practices.
In an October 2014 email, Mook asked whether Hillary Clinton’s name would remain on what was then called the Bill, Hillary and Chelsea Clinton Foundation. “It will invite press scrutiny and she’ll be held accountable for what happens there,” he wrote.
The next year, when Hillary Clinton was on the verge of declaring her candidacy, Cheryl D. Mills, a lawyer and top aide, said she discussed with Hillary Clinton various “steps” to take to adjust her relationship with the foundation, including her resignation from the foundation’s board.
By fall 2015, Hillary Clinton’s aides had fine-tuned her response to questions about foreign donors. “As president, I won’t permit any conflicts between my work for the American people and the Foundation’s good work,” aides advised Hillary Clinton to say in a coming debate.
The emails give insight into the periodic fires that Hillary Clinton’s advisers thought they had to put out. Hillary Clinton ultimately did not attend the foundation event in Morocco that Abedin had complained about; her husband and daughter did go. It is unclear if the king had given the $12 million he was said to have pledged; he is not listed among the foundation’s donors.
In March 2015, Victor Pinchuk, a Ukrainian steel magnate who had given more than $10 million to the foundation, was “relentlessly” requesting a meeting with Bill Clinton, according to an aide, Amitabh Desai. If the former president declined, the relationship would be damaged, Desai wrote in an email.
“No is better. Is that viable?” wrote Podesta, who by then was the chairman of Hillary Clinton’s campaign. It is unclear if the meeting took place.
That same year, during a discussion over a potential meeting between Bill Clinton and the Saudi king, Podesta replied, using the former president’s initials, “Not something that would be on our top 10 list of WJC requests.”
Podesta: Podesta took a leadership role at the charity when Bruce R. Lindsey, a former White House counsel and longtime friend of Bill Clinton who had been chief executive of the foundation, had a stroke in 2011.
His role at the foundation, coupled with his later capacity as the chairman of Hillary Clinton’s campaign, put Podesta in the middle of internal workings of both operations and, by default, the delicate battles unfolding between Chelsea Clinton and her father’s top aides.
The day Hillary Clinton’s mother, Dorothy Rodham, died in 2011, Chelsea Clinton emailed Podesta. “Doug called and yelled and screamed at my Dad about how could he do this,” she said, an apparent reference to the internal scrutiny going on at the foundation. “My mother is exhausted, we are all heartbroken but we need a strategy and my father needs advice/counsel.”
Band, who helped Bill Clinton build the foundation, clearly felt irritated by Chelsea Clinton’s stream of implications that he had padded his own pockets from his work for her father.
When Chelsea Clinton, using a pseudonym “Diane Reynolds,” that she also sometimes used to check into hotels, sent Band a complimentary email in January 2012, he forwarded it to Podesta and Mills.
“As they say, the apple doesn’t fall far,” he wrote. “A kiss on the cheek while she is sticking the knife in the back, and front.”