Puerto Rico transplants: Farming a new sense of identity after Maria
Editor's note: Tina Locurto, a senior journalism student at Penn State University, and a group of her classmates spent their recent spring break reporting from Puerto Rico. Locurto will be joining The York Dispatch as a general assignment reporter in May following her graduation.
When Sarah and Paul Ratliff uprooted their lives in California to farm in the misty mountains of Utuado, Puerto Rico, the couple knew only five words of Spanish between them.
Despite the uncertainties — Sarah called the decision “impulsive” from start to finish — the Ratliffs consider Puerto Rico their home.
“It was time to do something really different, and so we decided in the last half of our lives we might as well do something that feels meaningful to us, and so, here we are,” Sarah Ratliff said, smiling from her veranda that overlooks a lush, green mountainscape.
Utuado, located just a smidge to the west of the center of the island, is surrounded by high mountains and the Lago Dos Bocas reservoir. Though the Ratliffs live only six miles from the town center, it takes a half hour to get there.
The winding, narrow road carved into the mountainside passes colorful Mediterranean-style houses, and, on the last leg of the trip, a yard full of vibrant peacocks.
After living on the island for 11 years, the Ratliffs have developed their own sense of identity not only as Puerto Ricans but also as sustainable farmers.
While Sarah, 52, works as a freelance writer, Paul, 56, has turned their 5 acres of mountainside farmland into a reliable food source for themselves and their farm animals, growing tropical fruit bushes and tall, swaying palms.
Their years of pulling weeds, planting seeds and tilling the soil would all be undone when Hurricane Maria roared across the island in September 2017.
Sarah and Paul, while keeping their animals calm, did their best to stay composed as frightful winds rattled their windows and doors.
“You can peek out through little cracks in the window and see the ferocity of the storm, but you don’t know what’s going to happen,” Paul said. “Not only for the farm itself, the animals … but for your own well-being.”
'Our lives were ... empty': Sarah Ratliff said she and her husband were always square pegs in round holes.
While Paul graduated from the University of the District of Columbia with a degree in engineering, Sarah went into marketing.
The pair, who worked at the biopharmaceutical company Amgen, for years felt as if they were “doing the drudgery of corporate America,” as Sarah put it.
Though Paul originally wanted to pursue agriculture and become a forest ranger, pressure from the adults in his life led him down the engineering path.
“Indeed, it’s lucrative, but ultimately it was unfulfilling, because I wanted to be outdoors,” he said.
At a Breast Cancer Walk in San Diego in 2007, Paul told Sarah he no longer wanted to do “this life” anymore. He wanted to be a farmer and leave the world a better place than he found it.
“We could continue making more money, we could continue getting more stocks, we could continue amassing more stuff, but in the end our lives were really empty,” Sarah said.
In just a few months, the couple sold their house, packed their belongings and made the long journey to the mountain neighborhood of Don Alonso in Utuado.
In about a year, they established Mayani Farms, and Paul’s dream of working in agriculture was achieved.
Focusing on sustainability and organic living, the Ratliffs do not sell any of the products they raise. Instead, they use much of the goat milk, cheese and eggs for themselves and share with neighbors and friends.
Alongside Sarah and Paul, 11 cats, three dogs, one bird, seven goats and pigs, one buck and too many chickens and ducks to count have also taken up residence at the Ratliffs’ Spanish terracotta-style home.
From the moment the couple arrived, friendly faces, warm greetings and a strong community caused the Ratliffs to feel as if they had been traveling for 40 years before finally coming home.
“That’s something we missed when we were in California,” Paul said. “Neighbors are busy, they drive home, push the button, go in their garage and then they disappear. We didn’t want to live the rest of our lives like that.”
To Sarah, self-identity is an important part of her decision to move to Puerto Rico.
As a biracial woman, she tried to identify with each piece of herself — African American, Japanese and white — but it felt “disingenuous.”
“I weave in and out of self-identity depending on the situation,” she said. “There's also the experience I have of being very ambiguous-looking and people assuming I am Puerto Rican, Persian, from the Philippines or some other place that's not me.”
Experiencing the same struggles and fighting the same battles as her friends and neighbors during Hurricane Maria helped Sarah discover her true identity.
“I really started identifying with Puerto Ricans in a way I hadn’t before,” she said. “I’ve always felt assimilated into Puerto Rico, but after the hurricane … I really felt less American, I felt less multiracial — I felt Puerto Rican.”
Like Sarah, many Puerto Ricans share an identity from several races — African, Spanish and Taino, the indigenous people of the Caribbean. She meets people from the island who assume she’s Puerto Rican, which is fine with her.
“I see no reason to correct people because maybe it’s just not that important to me anymore. And it’s got nothing to do with trying to be someone I’m not,” Sarah wrote, in an article for Multiracial Media. “It’s about being able to live someplace where I’m seen as an equal, and isn’t that what all POC (people of color) strive for?”
Hurricane a 'defining moment': Of the 5 acres of farmland the Ratliffs cultivate, about 80% of their trees were blown away by Hurricane Maria.
As the winds started up, the Ratliffs knew their lives would change — though they were not certain how.
The first half of Hurricane Maria did little damage. After the eye of the storm passed over, however, the second half caused devastation.
“The sound is something I’ll never forget. It’s not something I can necessarily describe, but it’s harrowing,” Sarah said. “It sounds like the meanest, baddest expletive you can imagine — and its sole purpose is to knock down your door.”
Their house was not damaged, thanks to years spent hurricane-proofing.
Their farm did not fare as well.
After the wind and rain died down, Paul said, his crops were the last thing on his mind. His and Sarah’s own survival, as well as helping neighbors and friends, was most important.
It took the Ratliffs 10 days to clean their driveway after Hurricane Maria.
They didn’t have electricity for nine months.
The six-month cleanup they expected turned into a year and a half, with work still in progress.
On a warm, showery afternoon, Paul takes visitors on a tour of the farm. As he climbs the muddy hills that link each crop and tree, he passes several plants supported by metal beams and rope — an effort to save the few trees that have a chance at recovery.
He and Sarah said it’s “demoralizing” to lose everything they had worked years to achieve.
“You can’t re-create eight years of work in a couple of months,” Paul said. “It’s just not possible.”
The initial depression and fear for how their farm would recover are now gone, Paul said.
Most of the fallen trees are cleared.
The grass is trimmed.
Overgrown vines and weeds are cut and pulled.
With a sigh of relief, Paul said the hardest part of recovery is finally winding down.
“I feel empowered that I can go and finish the job with all the other side projects — it’s not so depressing anymore,” he said.
With somewhat of a clean slate, Paul said, he can now rethink things he did incorrectly and plant different crops that will work better for their farm.
They will start with kale and move on to mustard greens, tomatoes and pumpkins.
“Once you get to the point that you can recover from it, you want to do more and you want to do the things you couldn’t do before,” Paul said. “You feel stronger that you made it through that and that you can have life again and enjoy it.”
For Sarah, Hurricane Maria was a “very defining moment.” She said she put a different emphasis on what is important — and to her, staying in Puerto Rico is important.
Despite the trauma of weathering their first hurricane together, the Ratliffs are more confident that Puerto Rico is the place they are meant to be.
“I don’t know what the end result is going to be, but I felt like whatever it is,” Sarah said, “I’m here with our Puerto Rican brothers and sisters.”