A small man physically, Rooney was prodigious in talent, scope, ambition and appetite. He sang and danced, played roles both serious and silly and wrote memoirs, a novel, movie scripts and plays.
Rooney also made hundreds of appearances on TV talk and game shows, dramas and variety programs.
"I always say, 'Don't retire — inspire,'" Rooney said in an interview with The Associated Press in March 2008. "There's a lot to be done."
Here are photos from just a few of his many roles:
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